Africa is a big place with a lot of history, but is treated as a single entity in modern political discussions. Before going over the charts, consider this:
In 1950, the continent of Africa (including North Africa) had a population of 230 million.
In 2015, that number had increased to 1,166 million (1.166 billion).
This is a quintupling of the population. Is Europe directly responsible for that? Did they pay Africans to overbreed? This, the most important factor in Africa’s standard of living, is simply not mentioned.